Factoring Resonance and Ballistics into Stud Welding Applications

As with any manufacturing operation used to build assemblies that will face daily functioning stress, the long-term effects of resonance and ballistics on stud welded connections must be taken into account. Stud welding is a highly versatile and widely used operation for a range of industries. Not only is it key in standard shipbuilding and the construction of most large-scale structures, it’s also relied upon for food-grade welding and electrical enclosures.


Those working with stud welding operations can count on Northland Fastening Systems for all their stud welding supplies. We provide stud welding tools for rent or purchase, studs in a comprehensive range of dimensions with custom sizing available, stud welding accessories, and the expertise of our own stud welding technicians.


When taking into account the effects that resonance and ballistics have on stud welding applications, how those effects manifest and to what degree they will impact a secure connection point depends on the industry and how stud welding was utilized. The following industries will see effects of resonance and ballistics on stud welding in various different ways.


Automotive: Stud welding is used in the fabrication of multiple automotive parts and in the full assembly of those parts. Cars, trucks, and other vehicles all face different sources of resonance and ballistics. This includes the basic resonance of road friction, operational harmonics of the engine and assemblies, braking, shifting gears, and the general vehicle operations. Other sources of resonance include weather and road conditions. Ballistic impacts on a vehicle can come from an accident and objects flying from other vehicles or kicking up from the road.


Structures: Stud welding is a critical tool for the composite construction used in many different structures, from bridges to multi-story buildings. These structures face significant resonance from weather impacts that can range from standard calm weather to severe storms. In addition, bridges are under constant resonance from traffic and the ballistics of flying objects. Other large structures built with stud welding that undergo weather-related resonance are water towers, cell towers, windmills, and more.


Ships: Shipbuilding was the original fabrication industry to utilize stud welding as an essential manufacturing operation. Today, stud welding is still a primary tool in the shipbuilding process for a wide variety of types of ships and boats. From small motor boats to cargo freighters, every water vessel faces different types of resonance. All undergo resonance from the water friction and currents, as well as ballistics from objects underwater. Large ships also face significant resonance from engines, passenger motion, and the shifting of cargo. In fact, some shipwrecks, like the wreck of the Edmond Fitzgerald, have been attributed to resonance and shifting cargo causing serious imbalances in the ship and the security of the welding.


To learn more about the effects of resonance and ballistics on stud welding strength and the supplies we provide, contact NFS at (651) 730-7770 or request a quote online.

Effects of Weather on Stud Welding

If you’re using stud welding as one of your key production operations, you’re one of thousands of manufacturers with a powerful tool that is both efficient and cost effective. Stud welding is a highly utilized fastening system that developed out of its use in shipbuilding to be part of fabrication settings in many industries, from food grade to the construction of bridges and other large-scale structures. At Northland Fastening Systems (NFS), you can find everything you need for successful stud welding processes, including tools for rent or purchase, studs in a comprehensive range of dimensions, accessories, and our own technicians’ expertise. Whether you’re working with drawn arc, capacitor discharge, or short cycle stud welding, we have the supplies that will help you get the job done.

While many operators are able to work in indoors or in otherwise enclosed conditions, making the questions of weather and other elements irrelevant, many other stud welders work at outdoor sites with exposure to wind, rain, and temperature fluctuations. These worksite elements are factors that must be taken into consideration before attempting to use stud welding as an effective fastening system. Specifically, moisture and temperature are the elements that most directly affect the quality of a weld, no matter what metals or welding operations are being used.

Moisture: The stud welding process is most directly affected by moisture. Rain, snow, and even humidity can, at the least, damage the quality of a connection point, and at the most, compromise worker safety. If the worksite is exposed to heavy precipitation of any kind without cover, workers should never attempt to weld. With very light precipitation or some cover, welding technicians can perform successful welds safely, but even slight moisture can change the chemical makeup of the weld. The relative moisture and dew point must be measured and compared to the requirement of the specific metal being welded together. Metals like aluminum need very dry conditions for successful welds, and all surfaces must be properly cleaned and otherwise prepped for a weld. Both relative moisture and dew points can change with temperature variations in the worksite.

Temperature: Because temperature changes can impact the moisture and dew point, it’s important to monitor the air, the electrode, and the metal temperatures during the stud welding process. In addition to affecting the moisture, certain temperatures are too low or too high to allow for a successful connection point. Generally speaking, the temperature of the weld surface should not be lower than 0ºF to perform a successful weld.

No matter what the moisture or temperature of the worksite and the weld surface is when in a suitable range, the surface should always be properly prepped and the welding tool should be correctly calibrated. All of these factors will determine the quality of the weld and the standards of worker safety.

To learn more about stud welding, contact Northland Fastening Systems at (651) 730-7770 or request a quote online.

Fastening Systems for Types of Electrical Enclosures

Stud welding is one of the most commonly used operations for manufacturing a broad range of electrical equipment, including the highly critical enclosures that delicate electronics need if they will be placed in a setting with harsh conditions. Because stud welding provides a strong connection with clean welds that don’t leave marks on the opposite side of the weld, it’s an ideal process for fabricating electrical enclosures that will hold up to a broad variety of conditions.


Electrical enclosures need to protect the equipment contained within from wind, rain, snow, ice, dust, UV light, and even seismic activity. Stud welding is the tool needed to build enclosures that will be reliable against the elements in the long-term. With Northland Fastening Systems, you can get all the supplies you need to use stud welding as one of your primary fastening systems.


While the purpose and general design of different electrical enclosures doesn’t vary greatly between boxes, there are key differences that make specific enclosures more suited to one environment over another. For many enclosures, NEMA ratings (National Electrical Manufacturers Association) will determine what environment it’s best suited for. NEMA ratings range from 1 to 13, with NEMA 1 being the least hardy electrical enclosure (commonly used indoors) and NEMA 13 enclosures capable of holding up to industrial grade contaminants.


Some examples of NEMA ratings include:


  • NEMA 3 enclosures are the most weather resistant, capable of withstanding wind, rain, and more. NEMA 3X enclosures are even resistant to salt water corrosion and are used in outdoor settings near shorelines and on ships.
  • NEMA 4 enclosures are fully water tight and can be used in areas with large quantities of water. 4X enclosures have added corrosion resistance as well as being watertight.
  • NEMA 6 enclosures can be fully submerged in water or oil. 6P can be fully submerged for longer periods of time.
  • NEMA 7 and 8 enclosures are used in hazardous conditions that will be exposed to gases including propane, ethylene, methane, butane, hydrogen, acetylene, and benzene.


While NEMA ratings cover a broad range of factors that enclosures built with stud weld fastening systems will face, the issue of seismic activity is not addressed. Instead, seismic rated enclosures have their own requirements. To meet seismic grade enclosure requirements, stud welding is a necessary operation to use. Seismic rated enclosures need heavy duty doors, full welding, and mounting hardware. The need for seismic rated enclosures depends on the zone where an enclosure will be installed. Of Zones 1-4, seismic enclosures are necessary in Zones 3 and 4 where seismic activity is heightened.


Whether you need to manufacture NEMA rated or seismic grade enclosures, NFS has the supplies you need including stud welding tools for rent or purchase, welding studs in a complete range of dimensions, and the expertise of our own welding technicians. Contact us at (651) 730-7770 or request a quote online today to get started with stud welding fastening systems.

What NOT to Do When Stud Welding

At Northland Fastening Systems (NFS), we understand the significance of quality in a weld. Not only does the strength of the weld depend on the quality of the stud welding process, quality practices also directly impact worker safety on a job site. Whether you’re working with drawn arc or CD stud welding tools, you can find quality and reliability with NFS supplies. We provide a comprehensive range of welding studs, including pins and bar anchors with custom options available. We also offer welding tools for rent or purchase, welding accessories, and the expertise of our own stud welding technicians. No matter how big or small your stud welding project is, you can get the job done with the help of NFS.

When it comes to achieving a quality weld, there are many technical aspects that are key to being successful, such as calibrating the welding unit and using the right metals. However, for non-automated welding operations, a large part of achieving a quality weld depends on the skills and performance of the welders themselves. Stud welding technicians can do many tasks right or wrong during a welding operation. The following are some of the basic “DON’TS” that welders should steer clear of if they want a quality stud connection point:

  1. Do not weld in an unventilated work site. No matter what type of welding process you’re using (stud welding or otherwise), the chemical changes that take place when metals are heated and bonded release fumes. These fumes can be toxic to inhale. That, in addition to ventilation helping to minorly improve the results of a weld, is why it’s critical to have a ventilated work site.
  2. Do not weld on an unstable surface, especially when working with stud welding. It’s important to weld on a clean, flat, and secure working surface. If you do have to weld on a painted or a slightly uneven surface, for example, take the necessary precautions to clamp, clean, and stabilize the surface as much as possible before welding. Unstable surfaces can cause injury to welders and result in a poor quality weld.
  3. Do not weld in an unsafe work site. An unsafe work site can include factors like water on the ground, nearby flammables, coiled cabling near the weld point, and even welding without the proper safety equipment. Not only does an unsafe work site risk severe injury to welders and anyone working in the vicinity, any danger to workers will most likely also play a role in sacrificing quality welds.
  4. Do not weld with unclean or unmaintained tools. Drawn arc and CD stud welding tools alike inevitably gather dust and contaminating particles over time. Because the damage that dust does to the welding tool itself is often minor, many welders are guilty of neglecting routine cleaning and maintenance. However, an unmaintained tool can be the reason for a poor quality weld. Preventing this potential problem is as simple as performing regular cleaning and maintenance checks.

To learn more about the “dos” and “don’ts” of stud welding, contact NFS at (651) 730-7770 or request a quote online today.

What Makes a Perfect Stud Weld?

Stud welding is a manufacturing operation that shows up in subtle ways throughout our world. From planes, trains, ships, and automobiles to bridges and even food-grade kitchen products, stud welding is a heavily utilized production tool that plays a part in making many items that we interact with daily. At Northland Fastening Systems (NFS), we support manufacturers relying on stud welding to get the job done. We provide comprehensive stud welding supplies, including welding tools for rent or purchase, studs in a range of dimensions with custom stud options available, stud welding accessories, and the skills and expertise of our own technicians. With our quality supplies and services, you can continually perform the perfect stud weld and fabricate with reliable, strong fastening systems.


If you are utilizing stud welding as a key manufacturing operation, it’s critical to understand what makes a perfect stud weld connection. If a weld is even slightly less than perfect, it’s not going to be effective, and it could cause some severe issues and potential safety concerns if put into a functional setting. To perform a perfect stud weld, there are three factors to take into account.


  1. Heat: Welding requires heat, but the temperature needed to get the perfect weld will vary depending on several factors. Typically, heat requirements depend on the kind of stud welding operation, the stud material and dimensions, the surface material, and any contaminants that might be on the surface, such as paint or rust. Calibrating the specific temperature needed to perform a perfect weld requires welders to be knowledgeable, experienced, and skilled. While the technical information concerning heat requirements is very detailed, it’s relatively simple to adjust heat specifications on most welding units.
  2. Pressure: The second factor involved in creating the perfect stud weld result is pressure. Even if you have the correct heat, if you have inaccurate pressure, the weld will be weakened. If you apply too much pressure, the weld could go too deeply into the base material and cause splattering, molten spread, misshapen welds, and other cosmetic defects. Additionally, too deep of a weld could create functional issues like cracking. Too light of a pressure application has its own issues and often creates a weld connection that isn’t fully formed. This can result in porous welds, brittleness, and cracks.
  3. Time: Finally, the time spent applying heat and pressure is equally important. Depending again on the weld type, materials, and other particle factors involved, the perfect stud weld will need to be applied for a specific time frame. Because the weld time varies within frames of fractions of seconds, it’s incredibly important to calibrate your tool to meet the necessary requirements. Failing to meet the right time requirements always means sacrificing the perfect stud weld.


To learn more about the other factors involved in creating a perfect stud weld, contact Northland Fastening Systems at (651) 730-7770 or request a quote online to get started with us today.

Stud Welding Market Growth

A recent comprehensive study done through ICRWord Research estimated a significant growth in the global stud welding market over the next five years. This forecast of trends and overall growth considered several aspects of the industry, including the major suppliers, geolocations, and specialized sections of each industry. Because we play a part in the global stud welding industry, we at Northland Fastening Systems (NFS) know how important it is to understand market trends. NFS supplies a complete range of stud welding supplies from stud guns for rent or purchase to a wide choice of stud dimensions.


There are many reasons why there is a forecasted growth in the global stud welding market even in the face of a global pandemic. While the market growth can be broken down into details as specific as #-thread count stud sales, generally speaking, there are some aspects in our changing world that have contributed to projected increases in the market. Some significant factors include the following:


Population and world growth: Because Earth’s population is continually increasing, it’s understandable that demand for products made with stud welding practices would also increase. In addition to an overall upturn in demand from population growth, there is also a rise in developing nations. Countries that in the past showed lower demand for new stud welded products are now generating their own increases in demand for common goods like automobiles, food industry equipment, electrical equipment, and more. This also includes increases in city planning, leading to the need for more stud welding construction projects like bridges and housing complexes.


Technology advancements: We live in a time of extreme technological growth. Smart technology is just the tip of the iceberg when it comes to the new designs and engineering involved in many tools used globally. From electrical enclosures to shipbuilding, stud welding is indispensable for a large number of advanced products in the manufacturing world today. Because stud welding is such an efficient and clean operation, manufacturers work it into a new design whenever possible.


Online distribution: Accommodating increased demand for stud welding products globally wouldn’t be possible today without the capabilities of online distribution. Digital distribution systems with the help of WiFi and online processing systems help suppliers get a wide range of stud welding products where they need to go quickly, accurately, and efficiently. Processing products with high-powered software systems and logging tracking data digitally is a key part of the industrial grade online distribution of stud welding supplies.


Increased demand from a growing population, newly developed countries, and more advanced technology set up the potential for serious market growth. That, paired with the extreme efficiency and capabilities of online distribution, are a large part of the market growth forecast for the next five years.


To learn more about the stud welding supplies we offer, contact Northland Fastening Systems at (651) 730-7770. You can also request a quote online to get started with us today.

The Strangest Buildings Made Possible with Stud Welding

Since its origins in shipbuilding during the turn of the century, stud welding has opened doors for thousands of construction projects unlike any others. Today, stud welding is used in a broad range of manufacturing operations, from sheet metal building to composite construction.


If you are working with stud welding fastening systems, you can count on Northland Fastening Systems for all your welding needs. Our skilled stud welding technicians offer expert advice and provide a comprehensive selection of welding studs, tools for rent and purchase, and stud welding accessories.


While stud welding is a common operation in many different industries, it has been used in many cases to build highly uncommon structures. Some of the strangest architectural endeavors were made possible thanks to the capabilities of stud welding. For example:


  • Guggenheim Museum: Located in Bilbao, Spain, the Guggenheim Museum was completed in 1997. The swooping titanium structures that make up the iconic avant-garde architectural look of the Guggenheim are held in place with multiple stud systems. This organic and deconstructivist style of architecture heralded in many other similar, yet unique structures.
  • Burj Khalifa: Dubai’s Burj Khalifa has been the tallest building in the world since its completion in 2009. The building reaches 2,722 feet at its tip and has a total of 163 floors. This massive skyscraper was built using stud welding in many different ways, including beam fastening and composite construction. In fact, stud welding allowed for the construction of all skyscrapers and many other building types since the first modern multi-story structures were built in the early 1900s.
  • Habitat 67: Finished in 1967 in Montreal, the model housing complex Habitat 67 offers 146 units in a unique format. The full structure of Habitat 67 is built with 354 concrete forms stacked and connected in various sections. The goal of this housing complex was to create the outdoor and indoor spaces of suburban neighborhoods within a confined city environment. Habitat 67 builders relied heavily on composite stud welding construction to complete this bold architectural project, and today it remains one of Montreal’s many interesting landmarks.
  • Eden Project: Located in Cornwall, England, the Eden Project is a large greenhouse complex inside multiple adjoining domes. These domes are made from polygonally connected steel tubing and inflated ethylene tetrafluoroethylene cells. The Eden Project is designed to emulate organic forms in reference to the thousands of protected plant species housed inside. Many components in the Eden Project were connected using stud welding fastening systems.


These are just a few examples of the many bold and unique construction projects that stud welding makes possible across the globe. To learn more about the stud welding supplies and tools we provide to a broad range of customers, contact Northland Fastening Systems today at (651) 730-7770 or request a quote online to get started with our team.


Stud Welding Equipment Rentals and Repairs

Any stud welding technician working in the field knows that a malfunctioning or damaged welding tool can put a solid stop to any operations and significantly increase the time it takes to get a job done. At Northland Fastening Systems, we’re here to support welders on the job with equipment repairs and stud welding tools for rent or purchase. In addition to tool support we have welding studs available in a broad range of dimensions with options for custom sizes, and welding accessories like cable connectors and ferrule plates.


If you’re welding in the field, in your facilities, or any other job site and experience a sudden tool failure, our technicians offer rapid repair services and tools for rent to keep production going while your tools are being fixed. From repairs to supplies, NFS is here for all your stud welding equipment needs.



NFS provides maintenance and repairs for a broad range of industry-standard stud welding equipment. This includes brands like HBS, Tru-Weld, Cutlass, ProWeld, AGM, Nelson, ERICO, NOVA, MFI, and Tension Control Tools. We have over 30 years of experience in the stud welding industry and in providing repairs for these brands and more. In addition to our expertise, customers can rest assured the price will be reasonable. No one should have to compromise quality repairs for a cost-effective solution. Our service technicians provide excellent repair work at a fair price.



While we work to repair your stud welding equipment, you can take advantage of the many tools we have available for rent to keep production running. Our rental options meet a broad range of welding needs including automated welding, CD welding, drawn arc welding, and short cycle welding. We also provide options for any electrical setups our customers might be working with, taking into account the specifications for phase, voltage, and other weld calibrations.


When you rent stud welding equipment through NFS, you will also have the full support of our technicians, including advice and instructions on using a tool you may be less familiar with. We rent tools at daily, weekly, or monthly rates so you can get the best deal for your timeline. Whether you need a stud welding tool for a temporary job or a replacement while your tool is in the shop, we have the stud welding equipment that will meet any of your requirements.


A broken tool and the subsequent downtime while it’s being repaired can extend production timelines significantly, costing you more time and money. Don’t wait to get the job done. Bring your stud welding equipment to NFS for repairs and find the perfect rental to keep production going at your job site. Contact Northland Fastening Systems at (651) 730-7770 today or request a quote online to get started with our team.

Solutions for Jobsite Stud Welding

In the construction industry, almost every project involves stud welding operations in some way, including anything from building construction to other large-scale structures like bridges and water towers. Because stud welding is used for such a broad range of projects where accuracy, strength, and long-term reliability is critical, onsite production welding technicians need access to the best tools, equipment, and knowledge. At Northland Fastening Systems (NFS), we provide a comprehensive range of stud welding products to support your needs, including a range of stud dimensions, stud welding tools for rent or purchase, equipment accessories, and our own technicians’ expertise. In addition to our complete stud welding resources, we also provide options for jobsite welding and mobile projects.


Jobsite welding has multiple obstacles that technicians face often. The most common is the lack of power on construction sites when steel skeletons are put up before electrical lines are run. Handling the lack of provided electricity requires technicians to bring their own power source with them to the jobsite.


Power Source: Supplying your own power source is as simple as bringing a lightweight generator that can be calibrated to the specifications of your tools and the materials you’re working with. When you work with NFS, you can take advantage of the generators we rent to clients with jobsite welding projects. For construction jobs in the early stages without onsite power, a generator is a necessity to perform any of the stud welding that is so often crucial to continuing the fabrication process.


Portability: Another important aspect of jobsite welding is portability. Some stud welding units can be bulky, difficult to move, and even harder to install in a safe, working position. The problem with choosing a lightweight, portable welding unit is a potential need to compromise for welding power. With the right NFS welding units and equipment, you don’t need to compromise portability for power. Units like the HBS IT 2002 and other similar models offer heavy-duty drawn arc welding capabilities and mobility with ease.


With the right power source and portable welding unit, you can take on any jobsite welding project, no matter what stage construction is in. Because stud welding is such a heavily used operation in the early stages of building construction, and throughout the fabrication process as a whole, it’s important to have access to tools that are portable and external power sources.


Don’t rely on the jobsite to provide what you need to get the job done. Portable tools and power sources are available to you through NFS today. To learn more about the stud welding products and other fastening solutions we provide, contact Northland Fastening Systems at (651) 730-7770. Request a quote online to get started with our experts.

Stud Welding Equipment Highlight: HBS Visar 650

At Northland Fastening Systems (NFS), we work with clients who are handling a broad range of jobs, from food grade stud welding to large-scale construction. To help our customers finish projects, we supply everything they need for stud welding operations, including welding studs in many dimensions, custom stud options, welding tools for rent and purchase, stud welding accessories, and the expertise of our own technicians. When it comes to the stud welding equipment we offer, customers can benefit from a broad range of stud welding tools that meet exacting specifications for electrical sources, weld calibrations, and other job requirements. One of the newer models we offer is the Visar 650, which meets some specific requirements that many other types of welding units don’t.


The Visar 650 is a drawn arc welding and short cycle welding unit that has maximum welding rates and efficiency as well as minimum weight and energy consumption compared to many other similar models. Thanks to HBS inverter-capacitor charging technology, the Visar 650 is able to offer a single phase 110v to 240v option. Because most similar stud welding units require a three-phase connection at 230v or 460v, they are much more restricted than the Visar 650. The option for single phase and 110v to 240v specifications means the Visar 650 can be used on a larger range of job sites and with more standard electrical outputs in residential or commercial settings.


The Visar 650 can weld studs between 12ga thru 3/8” (3-10mm) diameters.  We can accommodate any length greater than 5/8”.  The welding rates can be up to 40 studs per minute depending on the weld base diameter.  Both stainless steel and mild steel studs can be used with the Visar 650. The power range for the Visar 650 is 100v to 240v, with single phase electrical distribution.


Thanks to its power requirements and a 2-pin grounded safety plug, the Visar 650 is a versatile stud welding unit capable of being moved and installed in many different worksites. An F-type temperature-controlled fan prevents overheating, and a 15.91′ welding cable gives technicians a broad range of movement. As a smaller unit (approximately 18′ x 13′ x 14′) with a handle, the Visar 650 is easily ported from worksites. For any drawn arc welders working in setting with standard U.S. electrical specifications, the Visar 650 is the perfect stud welding equipment choice.


To learn more about the Visar 650 and our other drawn arc welding, short cycle welding, and CD welding units available for rent or purchase, contact Northland Fastening Systems at (651) 730-7770. You can request a quote online to get started with NFS as your supplier of stud welding equipment.