The History of Stud Welding and Using Stud Welding Equipment Today

Various forms of welding and metal forging have been around for centuries, but the process of stud welding is one of the most recent welding concepts utilized in today’s manufacturing world. Stud welding today can perform rapid, automated, and precise weld connections with a wide range of standard welding metals and highly specialized weld alloys. Whether you need to build a shelving unit with thin CD studs or put together a component with more structural strength, stud welding procedures offer a quick, reliable method of creating metal-to-metal connections. For high-quality stud welding equipment including tool rentals, studs and accessories for sale, and welding services, look no further than Northland Fastening Systems.


Our commitment to provide stud welding equipment and services is one we’ve upheld for over 30 years since our foundation in 1987. While the processes and tools used in stud welding procedures have changed since our beginning, the history of stud welding goes back further and has seen even greater changes along the way.


The first significant uses of stud welding as an industrial process began during the early 1900s just after the end of World War I. Records of these uses come from shipyards and shipbuilding docks in the industrial port towns of England. The first stud welding tools were simplistic devices that inserted a stud into the tip of a weld-head which could then be lifted away from the point of weld using a magnetic coil.


When stud welding proved to be a much more efficient method of connecting small weld points than other operations, innovative engineers and manufacturers sought to streamline and automate the process. In the early years of World War II, stud welding operations began to resemble what we use today for drawn arc stud welding processes. American engineer Ted Nelson and a few other pioneers in the stud welding industry strove to support the industrial side of the war effort by improving the possibilities stud welding could provide. Their work ultimately led to near fully-automated stud welding capabilities.


After WWII, stud welders continued to provide valuable services to the military, automotive, aerospace, and marine industries as well as many others. The development of more precise, higher quality drawn arc stud welding became a priority for many industry players including those involved in the Space Race of the 50s and 60s. NASA engineers played a key role in the improvement of drawn arc stud welding and the integration of capacitor discharge welding into mainstream manufacturing practices.


Today, we are able to utilize stud welding processes for an exceptionally comprehensive range of manufacturing purposes. To get started on your stud welding project, contact Northland Fastening Systems at (651) 730-7770 to learn more about our stud welding equipment and services, or request a quote today.

Properties and Benefits of Low Carbon Steel for Stud Welding with Deformed Bar Anchors

Carbon steels have a wide range of uses from paneling and large equipment fabrication to precision cutting tools. The extent of carbon steel uses is largely due to the widely varying carbon content that can exist in a steel type. From carbon contents as low as 0.12% to as high as 2.1%, carbon steel offers a broad difference in properties that is even further widened with additions of small amounts of other metals such as copper, manganese, chromium, titanium, nickel, and many others. At Northland Fastening Systems, we utilize low carbon steel in the form of deformed bar anchors that are key in a number of stud welding projects.

Northland Fastening Systems provides comprehensive stud welding services, including drawn arc stud welding and capacitor discharge stud welding; we also offer equipment rentals and stud welding products. While we stock standard and specialty studs for both drawn arc and CD welding operations, we also supply deformed bar anchors of varying stud sizes.

Deformed bar anchor studs are critical components in drawn arc weld projects where concrete support is needed at the weld connection point. Deformed bar anchors are made from low carbon steels to significantly increase the material resistance to shear tension forces on a load-bearing part.

Low Carbon Steel

For a steel body to be considered low carbon, it must have a minimum of 0.05% and a maximum of 0.30% carbon content. Low carbon steel is best suited for bolstering concrete components and load-bearing parts because of its high strength and low cost. In stud welding projects, low carbon deformed bar anchors are highly effective in strengthening the load and bearing plate resistance to shear tension, both shock forces and constant pressures.

Low carbon steel is also more workable and ductile than higher carbon steels, making it more pliant against stresses. This means it can readily flex with shear tensions without becoming brittle or cracking. Additionally, low carbon steel can be cold-formed into deformed bar anchors of various sizes; the surface can be heat treated to alter its hardness and cosmetic factors, and low carbon steel can still maintain quality even with trace metal impurities.

Because low carbon steel is cost-effective, strong, and easily manipulated, it’s the perfect material to form bar anchors with high-functioning bolstering capabilities at a range of different diameters. Northland Fastening Systems supplies deformed bar anchors at 3/8” to ¾” with lengths ranging from 8 ½” to 60 ½” to meet the requirements of virtually any stud welding, load-bearing project.

For cost-effective, low carbon deformed bar anchors and many other options for drawn arc stud welding and CD stud welding, Northland Fastening Systems is your one-stop-shop for supplies and services. Contact us at (651) 730-7770 to learn more about our options for stud welding supplies and services, including variants of deformed bar anchors, or request a free quote online and get started with us today.

The Key to Performing Excellence in Arc and CD Stud Welding with High-Quality Steel Weld Studs

Welding of all kinds is one of the most innovative modern technological developments for metal working. Today, even within the welding field, capabilities and equipment have expanded in leaps and bounds with advanced services in automated welding, capacitor discharge (CD) welding, and much more. At Northland Fastening Systems, we specialize in stud welding operations including providing state-of-the-art equipment and high-quality steel weld studs for drawn arc stud welding and CD stud welding.


When it comes to stud welding of any kind, it’s impossible to form a strong connection without the best quality steel weld studs. Northland Fastening Systems supplies the best quality steel weld studs made from only the highest quality materials for all your stud welding needs. Our products range from flanged and non-flanged CD studs to virtually all specifications of drawn arc studs.


We’re committed to providing as wide a variety as possible for studs and offer special sizing on request because of the highly exacting sizing specifications and performance demands all of our customers’ projects require.


Each project may demand very precise applications and types of welding studs – making it a complicated and nuanced process to apply stud welding to any product – but this demand is for good reason. Each welding procedure itself is different, but all are effective and innovative in their own way. For example, there are many differences between CD stud welding and drawn arc stud welding, but both are effective and beneficial when applied to the right project.


Drawn Arc Stud Welding


The stud is welded onto a work plate using an arcing current and a ceramic ferrule flux, forcing the stud to join with the plate.


Drawn arc stud welding is utilized to weld studs with larger diameters than CD stud welding. For studs up to 1¼” in diameter, drawn arc stud welding is an efficient way to fasten studs to heavier bases resulting in a stronger, more durable connection than CD stud welding. Drawn arc welding also benefits from its use of ceramic arc shields that maintain the weld and a direct current allowing for the use of 220 to 440 volt power sources during the welding process.


CD Stud Welding


The stud is welded onto the work plate with downforce and a capacitor discharge heating the plate to molten metal. The weld bond is formed after the metal cools.


CD stud welding is a highly efficient way to perform rapid welding operations for thin studs and sheet metal materials. It can be used for studs up to ⅜ diameter for up to 20 welds per minute, making it the fastest stud welding procedure. Additionally, CD stud welding leaves a cleaner weld with no marking on the opposite side of the work plate and it can be used to weld different metals. CD stud welding only requires 110 volt power sources.

See the Difference Steel Weld Studs Make for Yourself

No matter the stud welding operation you need to perform to complete your project, high-quality aluminum, mild steel, and stainless-steel weld studs will make all the difference in the final product. To learn more about our equipment, studs, and services, contact Northland Fastening Systems today at (651) 730-7770 or request a quote online.